These are some of the most common photography acronyms.
Visit Wikipedia for an extensive list if you need to decode some more letters.
SLR: Single lens reflex. A type of camera that lets you view the image through the same lens that takes the photo.
DSLR: Digital single lens reflex. An SLR camera that has a digital sensor, rather than film.
P&S: Point-and-shoot camera. A small, consumer level camera that is easy to use, to the point of only needing to point and shoot. Lacks a lot of the advanced features of SLR cameras.
B&W: Black and white. An image without colour, but made up of tones of black and white.
HDR: High dynamic range. A style of shooting that involves combining multiple exposures to achieve greater dynamic range.
DOF: Depth of Field. The range of focus in your image. How much of your image is sharp in front of and behind the point you’re focused on.
AF: Auto-focus. The ability of a lens, or camera, to automatically focus on a subject.
OOF: Out of focus. An image that isn’t in focus, or referring to specific areas in the image that aren’t in focus.
OCF: Off-camera flash. The use of external flashes that aren’t mounted on top of the camera.
PP: Post-processing. Using software to edit an image on the computer.
SOOC: Straight out of camera. An image that hasn’t yet had any post processing done to it.
ACR: Adobe Camera Raw. A program used to made edits to RAW camera files.
PS: Photoshop. A program made by Adobe to edit photos.
PSE: Photoshop Elements. A version of Photoshop with fewer features, more aimed towards hobbyists.
LR: Lightroom. An editing program made by Adobe.
JPG or JPEG: A common file format for picture images. Pronounced “j-peg”. Stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, who created it.
RAW: A file format that records all possible data from the camera sensor. Differs from a JPEG, in that with a JPEG some original image data is lost due to compression. RAW files have many different filename extensions, like .cr2 (Canon), .nef (Nikon) and .arw (Sony).
DNG: Digital Negative. An open-source raw file format.
IQ: Image quality.
FF: Full frame. A digital camera that has a sensor that is the same size as a 35mm piece of film. Smaller sensors are often referred to as “cropped”.
CMOS: Complimentary metal-oxide semiconductor. The technology used to create the majority of digital sensors for cameras.
CCD: Charged-coupled device. A technology used to create sensors for some digital cameras (like Leicas).
C&C/CC: Comments & Critiques. Can also mean Constructive Criticism. Used when asking for feedback on an image in a forum.
Using rotating tools to make pan or tilt shots is often the easiest and most affordable way to add captive motion to shots. The rotational devices are usually lighter and especially smaller than sliders and jibs. Recommended: Mediarena camera rotation tools comparison table Mediarena motorized sliders guide Be advised to use motion sparingly in finished […]
phoneography is taking photographs with a mobile phone. The person executing the act is called a phoneographer. The cellphone is usually always carried with a person, thus also the camera of the phone. The instant availability of the mobile phone camera has made it the number one photography tool for most people, even with it’s […]
Electronic news-gathering (ENG) is a broadcast news industry description of television producers, reporters and editors making use of electronic video and audio technologies for gathering and presenting news. The term was commonly used in the television news industry in the 1980s and 1990s, but it has since been less frequently used as the technology has […]
Shoot move shoot is a technique used in time-lapse photography. Setting the camera in motion is a popular technique to add drama to time-lapse sequences. The purpose of the shoot move shoot technique is to avoid motion blur that might present itsself in the shot if the camera was in motion. Simply explained, as time-lapses are […]
Moco is short for “motion control,” which involves using a machine to move a camera. Motion control with moco devices is popular with time-lapsing, often with the camera on a slider, as it allow for motion only possible when programmed. Programmable motion control can also be used to exactly repeat a shot.